Salzburg Airport handles international flights and also has regular scheduled flights to many European and the main Austrian cities. The departure tax is factored into the price of your air ticket. The airport is 4km (2.5mi) west of the city centre. Bus 2 goes there from the Hauptbahnhof.
Salzburg is well served by IC (InterCity) and EC (EuroCity) train services. Austrian trains are comfortable, clean and reasonably frequent. Bundesbuses depart from outside the Hauptbahnhof on Südtiroler Platz, where timetables are displayed. The bus is best considered a backup to the rail service - more useful for reaching out-of-the-way places and local destinations than for long distance travel.
Tourist offices and hotels sell the Salzburg Card, which provides free entry to all the city's museums and sights, reduced entry to a number of attractions, and free public transport for the duration.
Salzburg has an efficient local bus system and bus routes are shown on city and hotel maps. Bus taxis operate nightly 23:30-01:30 (to 03:00 on weekends) on 12 routes, with Hanuschplatz the departure point for suburban routes on the left bank, and Theatergasse for routes to the right bank.
Driving in the city is hardly worth the effort as parking places are limited and much of the old town is accessible only by foot. There is a good network of cycle paths in and around the city and the bike rental office in Salzburg's main train station is open 07:00-24:00 daily from Apr-Sep.
Visas for stays of up to three months are not required for citizens of the EU, the European Economic Area (EEA), much of Eastern Europe, Israel, USA, Canada, the majority of Central and South American nations, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Singapore, Australia or New Zealand. All other nationalities require a visa; the Ministry of Foreign Affairs website has a list of Austrian embassies where you can apply for one.
Please contact the Austrian consulate for up-to-date information on travel document requirements.
Health and Safety
Austria is one of the safest countries to travel in and crime rates are low by international standards, but you should always be security conscious. Be wary of leaving valuables in hotel rooms; management will look after expensive items if you ask them, even in hostels. Don't leave valuables in cars, especially overnight. In general, let common sense prevail and don't make it easy for thieves by loosely carrying cameras and jewellery around.
In the event of theft or loss, get a police report - this will be necessary for you to claim on your travel insurance. Your consulate should be able to help replace documents if you're left in a desperate situation.